Background: Pain is the most common symptom of cerebral palsy and spina bifida (CP/SB). The objective of this study was to compare the opioid prescription patterns for differing pain types and overlapping pain among adults living with and without CP/SB.
Methods: Privately-insured beneficiaries were included if they had CP/SB (n = 22,647). Adults without CP/SB were also included as controls (n = 931,528). Oral morphine equivalents (OMEs) were calculated. A multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the association between CP/SB and OMEs, across the three pain categories: (1) no pain, (2) isolated pain, and (3) pain multimorbidity.
Author(s): Mark D Peterson, Neil Kamdar, Heidi J Haapala, Chad Brummett, Edward A Hurvitz